Anatomy Review

The lists below reflect the anatomical parts within the system that need to be known. To see a picture or a short description of something you see on the list before clicking, test yourself and try to visualize where the part is, what it looks like, and what it does; then click and review :) For more info, scroll down to the bottom of each system section for a list of other helpful websites.


Cardiac and Blood System


Blood

Erythrocytes (red blood cells)
Thrombocytes (platelets)
Leukocytes (White Blood Cells):
Monocytes
Lymphocytes
Neutrophils
Eosinophils
Basophils

Good Blood Cell Identification sites:
http://www.medaille.edu/vmacer/boces_activity.htm

Cardiac

Order Through the Heart
Cow Heart Display
Map Through the Body


Venipuncture Sites



external image Heart-dog_1458536i.jpg


Digestive System


Oropharynx
Eusophagus
Hiatus
Cardiac Sphincter
Stomach:
Cardia of the Stomach
Fundus of the Stomach
Body of the Stomach
Pyloric Antrum of the Stomach
Pyloric Sphincter
Small Intestine:
Duodenum
Jejunum
Ileum
Ileocecal Junction
Large Intestine:
Cecum
Colon (Transverse, Ascending, Descending)
Rectum
Anus (and anal sphincter)

Gallbladder
Liver and lobes:
Caudate (Right Lateral Caudal), Right Lateral (Right Lateral Cranial), Right Medial, Quadrate, Left Medial, Left Lateral

Greater Omentum
Lesser Omentum
Greater Curvature of the Stomach

external image cat-dog-eating.jpg
Good digestive system websites:
http://biology.clc.uc.edu/fankhauser/Labs/Anatomy_&_Physiology/A&P203/Digestive_Sys_Anat/Digestive_Anatomy.htmhttp://www.onemedicine.tuskegee.edu/DigestiveSystem/Small_Instestine/Intest_Feline.html

Endocrine System

Pancreas
Thymus
Pineal Gland
Pituitary Gland
Adrenal Glands
Thyroid and Parathyroid
Gonads (Ovaries and Testes)



When I grow up I want to be an Endocrinologist Dog
When I grow up I want to be an Endocrinologist Dog




Integumentary System


Epidermis, Dermis, Hypodermis
Hair Shaft, Hair Root, Hair Follicle
Tail Glands
Anal Glands
Sweat Glands
Paw Pads
Ergots
Chestnuts
Claws
Dewclaws

Hooves:
Wall: Toe, Quarter, Heel
Frog
Sole
external image Bathtub.jpg

MusculoSkeletal System

MUSCLES


Masseter
Clavobrachialis
Clavotrapezius
Pectoantebrachialis
Pectoralis major
Pectoralis minor
Xiphihumeralis
Latissimus dorsi
Linea alba
External abdominal oblique
Internal abdominal oblique
Transversus abdominus
Rectus abdominus
Multifidus spinae
Longissimus dorsi
Biceps femoris
Gluteal
Tensor faciae latae
Sartorius
Gracilis
Vastus lateralis
Vastus medialis
Rectus femoris
Adductor femoris
Semimembranosus
Semitendinosus
Gastrocnemius
Biceps brachii
Triceps brachii

SKELETAL


Cranium
Occiptal bone and condyles
Temporal bone
Parietal bone
Frontal bone
Nasal bone
Maxilla
Zygomatic bone
Zygomatic arch
Orbit
Lacrimal fossa
Ramus
Foramen magnum
Mandibular fossa
Tympanic bulla
Hard palate
Cranial cavity
Nasal cavity
Frontal sinus
Mandibular symphysis
Mandibular foramen
Atlas (and the atlantooccipital joint)
Wings of Atlas
Intervertebral foramen
(Intra)Vertebral foramen
Axis (and the atlantoaxial joint)
Cervical vertebrae
Thoracic vertebrae
Spinous process
Lumbar vertebrae
Transverse process
Accessory process
Sacrum (also showing wings of sacrum and the sacroiliac joint in the bottom picture)
Caudal vertebrae/Coccygeal vertebrae
Calcaneous
Hyoid apparatus
Ribs
Sternum- manubrium and xyphoid process
Scapula- Glenoid cavity, spine of the scapula
Humerus
Radius
Ulna - olecranon process
Carpals&Metacarpal- also the cannon bone
Phalanges
Dewclaw
Tarsals&Metatarsal- also the cannon bone
Splints
Pelvis (including the acetabulum, the ischial tuberosity, the ilium, the ischium, the pubis, the obturator foramina, and the pubic symphysis)- this is a big one!
Femur (including the Greater trochanter and the Medial and lateral epicondyles)
Patella
Tibia and fibula


external image 430839696f1d8344eb7599dbe7de66d6bc2bcb27_m.jpg
Good website links for the musculoskeletal info:
Muscles
http://biology.clc.uc.edu/fankhauser/labs/anatomy_&_physiology/a&p201/muscles/muscles_legs/muscles_legs.htm
http://www.cumberland.k12.il.us/schools/chs/Starwalt%20Projects/Cat%20Dissection%20Web%20Pages/Catdissectionindex.htm
http://subtlerainbow.multiply.com/photos/album/70/Cat_Musculature
http://www.saddleback.edu/faculty/charrison/smmuscles.html
http://www89.homepage.villanova.edu/angelo.milicia/Anatomy/Cat%20Anatomy%20Dissection%20Guide.pdf
Skeletal
http://lamar.colostate.edu/~lctodd/text.htm
http://courses.washington.edu/chordate/453photos/skeleton_photos/amniote_skeleton_photos2.htm
http://www.onemedicine.tuskegee.edu/CanineOsteology/Pelvic_limb/Hindpaw.html


Nervous System

Vagus nerve
Sciatic nerve
Optic Chiasm
Olfactory Bulbs
Hypothalamus
Thalamus
Pineal Body
Pituitary
Cerebrum
Cerebellum
Longitudnal Fissure
Gyri
Sulci
Ventricles
Brainstem
Meninges (Dura mater, arachnoid, Pia mater)


external image 415525146_9a845ec449.jpg
Good nervous system websites:
http://psychology.nmu.edu/~aprus/PY204/PY204.htm


Reproductive System


Female:

Dog:
Ovary
Broad Ligament
Vulva
Suspensory Ligament
Vagina
Uterine Tube (Oviduct)
Vestibule
Uterus: Horns, Body, Cervix

Horse:
Ovarian fossa
Uterus: Horns, Body
Cervix

Cow:
Ovary
Cervix
Uterus: Horns, Body, Caruncles


Male:

Testicle
Penis
Epididymis
Glans penis
Spermatic cord
Urinary Bladder
Prostate Gland
Prepuce
Os penis

external image 3271484410_01b363c746.jpg
Good reproductive anatomy websites:
http://courses.washington.edu/chordate/453photos/urogenital_photos/mammal_urogenital_photo.htm

Respiratory System


Glottis
Epiglottis
Arytenoid cartilages
Pharynx
Larynx
Trachea
C ring (Hyaline) cartilages
annular ligament
Trachealis muscles
Bifurcation of the Trachea
Bronchi
Secondary Bronchi to Bronchioles
Alveoli
Lobes of the Lung

Dog_with_Cigar.jpg

Good Websites for Respiratory System info:
http://videos.howstuffworks.com/hsw/23916-lungs-the-living-lung-tissue-of-a-dog-video.htm
http://vanat.cvm.umn.edu/carnLabs/Lab11/Lab11.html (Carnivore Thoracic Cavity Dissection)


Sensory Systems (Ears and Eyes)

Ear

Pinna
Auricular Cartilage
Ear canal
External auditory meatus
Tympanic Membrane (Eardrum)
Auditory ossciles: malleus, incus, stapes
Vestibular Window
Eustachian tube
Cochlea
Semicircular Canals
Vestibule

Eye


Pupil
Slcera
Limbus
Cornea
Optic Nerve
External Ocular Muscles
Iris
Retina
Choroid Layer
Ciliary Body
Tapetum lucidum
Lens
Optic Disc
Inner Chamber
Anterior Chamber
Vitreous Humor

external image ss-6047524-bassetHound.jpg

Good sensory info sites:
http://www.highlands.edu/academics/divisions/scipe/biology/labs/cartersville/2121/senses.htm
http://www.cas.vanderbilt.edu/bsci111b/eye/cow-eye/cow-eye-dissection.htm

Urinary System (Excretory)

Kidneys: Renal capsule, Renal hilus, Renal pelvis, Renal Medulla, Renal Cortex
Ureters
Urinary Bladder
Bladder Trigone
Urethra

external image dog-toilet-bow.jpg