The phalanges in the ungulates are divided into (from top to bottom of the picture) the proximal phalanx, medial phalanx, and distal phalanx, all seen here

horse_phalanges.jpg

Dog/cat phalanges are reletively similar, and are seen here (also note the extensor tubercle, the ungual crest, the ungual process, and the unguis)

external image phalanges_done.jpg