The pituitary gland is located parallel to the hypothalamus but more cranially from the brainstem. It is known as the "master hormone endocrine gland" because it secretes the majority of hormones for the body, including those that control the development of your other endocrine glands. It is divided into an anterior and posterior portion although for visible ID you just need to know the location itself. To name the hormones you must know what each section secretes.

In this picture the pituitary gland is labeled
The wooden probe is pointing to the thalamus
Note, the location on this picture is actually pointing which connects the pituitary gland to the brain. The gland itself sits in a pocket of the sphenoid bone called the pituitary fossa and is not on the brain we have to observe or the people's who took this picture.
pituitary_gland.jpg


Hormones:

Anterior Pituitary gland:

Thyroid Stimulation Hormone (TSH)- stimulates growth and secretions of the thyroid gland
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH)- stimules the growth and secretions of the adrenal cortex
Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)- stimulates growth and secretions of the follicles in the ovaries
Luteinizing Hormone (LH)- stimulates ovulation and aides in the maintenance of pregnancy
Interstitial Cell-Stimulating Hormone (ICSH)- stimulates testosterone secretions in males
Prolactin (Lactogenic Hormone- LTH)- stimulates milk secretions and influences maternal behavior
Growth Hormone (GH)- accelerates body growth
Melanocyte Stimulating Hormone (MSH)- stimulates skin pigment

Posterior Pituitary gland:

Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH)- maintains water balance in the body by stimulating water resorption in the kidneys (also known as vasopressin, which affects blood pressure)
Oxytocin- stimulates uterine contractions during parturition and milk let down