The pharynx is the common passageway for food and liquids and air to move down into either the eusophagus (food and drink) or the trachea (air). The pharynx sits in front of (cranial to) the larynx and the trachea for the respiratory system.

In this picture:

1. the nasopharynx
2. the oropharynx
3. the pharynx
4. the trachea
5. the eusophagus